#2 – Ollantaytambo – The Best Preserved Inca Village
The main attraction in Ollantaytambo is the Inca fortress built on the mountain side overlooking the village. This village is the strategic entrance to the lower Urubamba Valley and the starting point of the famous Inca Trail to Machu Picchu.
What makes Ollantaytambo so special is that it has little changed since the Inca time period. Much of the original walls remain intact as well as the impressive terraces built for farming purposes.
At the top of the terraces, is the important though incomplete, Templo del Sol or Temple of the Sun. It was like a calendar for the Incas and had special significance on the 21st June, the winter solstice and the 21st December, the summer solstice.
Ollantaytambo, became the only place ever to have resisted attacks from the Spanish in the 1500s. However, that victory was short-lived. The Spanish returned with reinforcements and
forced the emperor Manco Inca to retreat and Ollantaytambo, fell into the hands of the Spanish.